Patient consent is required for the application of methods of diagnosis, prevention and treatment. In the case of a patient under the age of 14 (a minor patient), as well as a patient who has been declared incapable in accordance with the procedure established by law, medical intervention is carried out with the consent of their legal representatives.
The consent of the patient or his legal representative to medical intervention is not required only in the presence of signs of direct threat to the patient's life, provided that it is impossible for objective reasons to obtain consent for such intervention from the patient or his legal representatives.
If the lack of consent can lead to serious consequences for the patient, the doctor must explain it to him. If the patient still refuses treatment, the doctor has the right to take written confirmation from him, and if it is impossible to obtain it - to certify the refusal by an appropriate act in the presence of witnesses.
A patient who has acquired full civil capacity and is aware of the significance of his actions and can control them has the right to refuse treatment. If the refusal is given by the patient's legal representative and it may have serious consequences for the patient, the doctor must notify the guardianship authorities.